Checklist of trees and shrubs growing in the Arizona Garden/Mausoleum/Angel of Grief area in 1909 and 2008

Compiled by Julie Cain and John Rawlings

There is ample evidence that the Arboretum was neglected after Leland Stanford’s death in 1893. See Julie Cain’s articles on the Arizona Garden and Arboretum in Sandstone & Tile, 27, Spring/Summer 2003 for detailed information on the topic. Botany Professor William Dudley wrote in the Dec., 1906 Stanford Alumnus about “the great variety of trees and shrubs which still exists in the old Arboretum” and their “pathetic struggle for existence.” In 1909 Dudley documented a portion of the survivors – the gymnosperms. Though now lost, Dudley’s list was reissued with revisions by L. Abrams (1913) The Gymnosperms Growing on the Grounds of Stanford University, Stanford Univ. Publications. Univ. Series, vol. 11 (Dudley Memorial Volume, PDF available). Abrams enummerates the few taxa added to Dudley’s inventory and key.

Other sources include T.H. Douglas (1889–1991) Daily Journal; William Parker (1977) Some Stanford heritage Trees, revised by Stidd and Sweetapple, 2002; Albert Wilson (1938) Distintive Trees, Shrubs, and Vines in the Gardens of the San Francisco Peninsula PDF available; the original Mausoleum landscaping map and historical photographs. This checklist does not include other species reported in the Nursery, though only a few hundred yards from the Arizona Garden. Map of Mausoleum area showing Nursery location. Nomenclature conformed to Hortus Third. Current planting map of the Arizona Garden.

Abbreviations: AG = Arizona Garden; AOG = Angel of Grief; AW= Albert Wilson, Distinctive Trees…; MAUS = Mausoleum; N = north, NW = northwest, etc.; THD = Douglas. Daily Journal; WP = Parker, William. 1977. Some Stanford heritage Trees.

Notes
(1) Preliminary checklist of species lost from central campus and arboretum area.

Species names conformed to Hortus Third

Source (other than Abrams)

Notes from Abrams, unless otherwise noted
Present 1909 or before/ 2008
Abelia grandiflora, GLOSSY ABELIA, Caprifoliaceae
observation
near Brahea edulis, by MAUS
no/yes
Abies cephalonica, GREEK FIR   One tree on SW border of AG
yes/no
Abies cilicicia, CILICIAN FIR   Two large trees near the center of the AG
yes/no

Abies concolor, WHITE FIR

  Several scattered along Mausoleum Ave
yes/no
Abies firma (A. momi), JAPANESE FIR   One small tree N of AG and another just back of the AOG
yes/no
Abies grandis, GRAND FIR   One tree on W border of AG
yes/no

Abies nordmanniana, NORDMANN FI

  Two handsome trees in AG
yes/no
Abies numidica, ALGERIAN FIR   Two trees are along E border of AG near A. grandis
yes/no
Abies pinsapo, SPANISH FIR   Excellent specimens near SE border of AG
yes/no
Acacia melanoxylon, BLACKWOOD ACACIA, Leguminosae
observation
MAUS
?/yes
Acer griseum, PAPERBARK MAPLE, Aceraceae
observation
MAUS lawn, recent addition
no/yes
Aesculus californica, CA. BUCKEYE
THD
 
yes/yes
Agave americana, CENTURY PLANT or MAGUEY    
yes
Ailanthus altissima, TREE-OF-HEAVEN, Simaroubaceae
THD
 
yes/yes
Araucaria angustifolia (A. braziliana), PARANA PINE, Araucariaceae   Two small trees between AG and MAUS
yes/no
Araucaria araucana (A. imbricata), MONKEY PUZZLE, Araucariaceae   A good specimen is on the MAUS lawn, and other small trees are on campus

yes/original lost, replanted

Araucaria bidwillii, BUNYA BUNYA, Araucariaceae   Large tree on grounds of Stanford Residence, smaller specimens near MAUS Ave and in Encina Garden
yes/yes
Araucaria cunninghamii, HOOP PINE, Araucariaceae   One tree on SW border of AG | AW reports tree 60 feet tall and in poor condition in 1938
yes/yes
Beaucarnea recurvata (Nolina r.), ELEPHANT-FOOT TREE
observation
AG, recent addition
no/yes
Brachychiton acerifolia, FLAME TREE, Sterculiaceae
observation
planted summer 2003, Arizona Garden, behind bench
no/yes
Brachychiton rupestris, BOTTLE TREE, Sterculiaceae
observation
planted summer 2003, Arizona Garden, northest side
no/yes
Brahea edulis, GUADALUPE PALM, Arecaceae
observation
Old trees, may have been on Palm Drive prior to 1938, see AW
no/yes
Buxus sempervirens, COMMON BOXWOOD, Buxaceae
observation
 
?/yes
Carnegia gigantea, SAGUARO original planting  
yes/no
Cedrus atlantica 'glauca', BLUE ATLAS CEDAR   Frequently planted on campus. A handsome specimen of the variety is east of the AG | Parker says NW side AOG
yes/yes
Cedrus deodara, DEODAR CEDAR Parker 1977 Between Mausoleum and Angel, planted in 1898
yes/yes
Cedrus deodara (dwarf) Parker 1977 Between MAUS and AOG
yes/yes
Cedrus deodara var. 'argentia'   (Silvery leaved variety), in the Arboretum N. of the MAUS
no, probably. There is a nice specimen at Serra St. near the Art Gallery main entrance
Cedrus libani, CEDAR OF LEBANON   Two trees are east of the AG near the silver-leaved Atlas Cedar
yes/no

Cephalotaxus fortunei, CHINESE PLUM YEW

  MAUS lawn
yes/no

Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. 'pedunculata'

  Eastern part of AG
yes/no
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, PORT ORFORD CEDAR
THD
Two trees near MAUS entrance
yes/yes
Chorisia speciosa, SILK FLOSS TREE, Bombacaceae   AG, recent planting
no/yes
Clausena lansium, WAMPEE, Rutaceae
observation
Mausoleum Lawn South side, 3/06
no/yes
Cotoneaster sp.
observation
 
yes
Crataegus sp.
observation
 
yes
Cunninghamia lanceolata, CHINA FIR, Cupressaceae
Parker 1977
Planted in 1973 (WP)
no/no
Cupressus funebris, FUNERAL CYPRESS   Several trees are near the AG
yes/yes (location map)
Cupressus macrocarpa, MONTEREY CYPRESS   Likely planted in MAUS area, Abrams reports it was most abundantly planted tree on university grounds
yes/no
Cupressus sempervirens, ITALIAN CYPRESS   Commonly planted on university grounds
yes/replanted in AG, old specimens north of MAUS
Cupressus torulosa, HIMALAYAN CYPRESS   Several trees around AG
yes/yes (location map)
Erythrina crista-galli, COCKSPUR CORAL TREE, Leguminosae
observation
AG, recent addition, late-spring blooming; also propagated by THD
no/yes
Eucalyptus cladocalyx, SUGAR GUM
THD
open woodland near Campus Drive
yes/yes
Eucalyptus globulus, BLUE GUM
observation
Planted as nurse trees to shade less hardy plantings. In most cases only the blue gums survive today.
yes/yes
Euonymous japonica, EVERGREEN EUONYMOUS, Celastraceae Olmsted Planting Map, 1891 Either side of path from Mausoleum lawn to Arizona Garden entrance, near Buxus hedge.
yes/yes
Fouquieria columnaris, BOOJUM TREE, Fouquieriaceae
observation
AG, recent addition
no/yes
Fraxinus americana, WHITE ASH.
observation
 
?/yes
Grevillea robusta, SILKY OAK, Proteaceae
observation
 
?/yes
Heteromeles arbutifolia, TOYON, Rosaceae
THD
 
yes/yes
Juniperus communis   one specimen W of AG
yes/no
Juniperus communis ssp hemispherica   One bush W side AG near the typical form
yes/no
Juniperus communis var 'oblonga'   One specimen W of AG
yes/no
Juniperus recurva var 'squamata', DROOPING JUNIPER   One specimen SW border of AG
yes/no
Juniperus virginiana, EASTERN REDCEDAR   One compact specimen W of AG near J. communis
yes/no
Juniperus sabina, SAVIN   Several staminate specimens along the border of AG
yes/no
Jasminum humile, YELLOW JASMINE
observation
yellow flowers
?/yes

Keteleeria davidiana, Pinaceae

observation
March 06, north side by path
no/yes
Kniphofia uvaria, RED-HOT POKER, Liliaceae original planting  
yes/yes
Lagerstroemia indica, CRAPE MYRTLE
observation
MAUS lawn, recent addition
no/yes
Myrtus communis, TRUE MYRTLE
observation
E of AG
yes/yes
Nandina domestica, HEAVENLY BAMBOO, Berberidaceae
MAUS landscape map
 
yes/yes
Olea europaea, OLIVE, Oleacea
MAUS landscape map
 
yes/yes
Phoenix canariensis, CANARY ISLAND DATE PALM
observation
 
?/yes
Picea abies, NORWAY SPRUCE   One tree near center of AG
yes/no
Picea glauca (P. canadensis), WHITE SPRUCE   One tree near center of AG
yes/no
Picea orientalis, ORIENTAL SPRUCE   Two trees near center of AG
yes/no

Picea smithiana, HIMALAYAN SPRUCE

  One tree on W side of AG and two others near AOG
yes/no
Pinus cembra, AROLLA PINE   One small tree which has not fruited is at the entrance of the AG
yes/no

Pinus canariensis, CANARY ISLAND PINE

  One near Mausoleum Ave
yes/yes
Pinus halepensis, ALLEPO PINE   One especially fine specimen is between the MAUS and Museum
yes/no
Pinus lambertiana, SUGAR PINE   Several trees N of AOG, large trees N of Stanford residence
yes/no
Pinus monticola, WESTERN WHITE PINE   One tree E of AG, others scattered in Arboretum
yes/no

Pinus mugo (P. montana), SWISS MOUNTAIN PINE

 

One dwarf specimen is on the W side of AG

yes/no
Pinus ponderosa, PONDEROSA PINE   Row W of Nursey, others between MAUS and University Ave.
yes/yes (one tree remains near Palm Drive near old Pine Ave).
Pinus radiata (P. insignis), MONTEREY PINE
MAUS landscape map
 
yes/no
Pinus wallichiana (P. excelsa), HIMALAYAN PINE   One tree NE of AG
yes/no
Platycladus orientalis, EASTERN ARBORVITAE, Cupressaceae   Abundantly planted on university grounds
yes/yes
Prunus ilicifolia, HOLLY-LEAF CHERRY, Rosaceae
MAUS landscape map
 
yes/yes

Prunus laurocerasus, ENGLISH LAUREL, Rosaceae

MAUS landscape map
 
yes/yes
Photinia serrulata, CHINESE PHOTINIA
observation
 
yes/yes
Prunus lusitanica, PORTUGUESE LAUREL
observation
 
yes/yes
Pseudobombax ellipticum. SHAVING-BRUSH TREE, Bombacaceae
observation
 
no/yes
Quercus agrifolia, COAST LIVE OAK
photographs
 
yes/yes
Quercus lobata, VALLEY OAK
THD
 
yes/yes
Sambucus mexicana, BLUE ELDERBERRY
observation
 
/yes
Schinus molle, PEPPER TREE
observation
 
yes/yes
Tamarix parviflora
AW
10 feet high, est. 20 years old; plant can be found in thicket east of Cantor Canter
yes/yes

Taxodium distichum, BALD CYPRESS, Taxodiaceae

  Near AOG
yes/no
Taxus baccata, YEW, Taxaceae   English Yew, several near entrance to AG
yes/yes
Taxus baccata var. 'stricta', IRISH YEW, Taxaceae   (var. 'fastigiata') Irish Yew, border of AG
yes/no
Taxus baccata var. 'adpressa'   "Broader, shorter, oblong obtuse leaves." Our specimen compact, erect form. E and W sides of AG
yes/?
Thuja orientalis (Biota o.) see Platycladus o., EASTERN ARBORVITAE, Cupressaceae   Abundantly planted on university grounds
yes/yes

Thuja plicata, WESTERN RED CEDAR, Cupressaceae

 

MAUS Ave

yes/no
Torreya californica, CA NUTMEG, Taxaceae
TOS84
 
yes/no
Toxicodendron diversiloba,
observation
 
/yes
Trachycarpus fortunei, WINDMILL PALM, Arecaceae
observation
 
yes/yes
Ulmus procera, ENGLISH ELM
observation
Growing at base of old Thuja orientalis, SW of AOG
?/yes
Umbellularia californica, CA BAY
THD
 
yes/yes
Viburnum tinus, LAURESTINUS
AW
THD planted widely 1889-1991. AW reports 6 feet high and est. 20 years old in 1938
yes/yes
Washingtonia filifera, CA FAN PALM
photographs
 
yes/yes
Yucca brevifolia, JOSHUA TREE
AW
AG, 8 feet high in 1938, est 35 years old
yes/no
Yucca filifera, TREE YUCCA
photographs
Two specimens in AG
yes/yes
Yucca recurvifolia
observation
 
?/yes
Yucca schidigera, MOHAVE YUCCA   Y. mohavensis
yes/yes
Yucca schottii, MOUNTAIN YUCCA
photographs, McKelvey
 
yes/yes
Xanthorrhoea quadrangulata, GRASS TREE   Transplanted to AG from Galvez Mall in 2005
no/yes

January 2008