Articles and Records

Stanford Botany & Landscape History

Horticultural Information

In the Media

“The ‘Party with Trees’ introsem provided students with an understanding of the different trees on campus.” —The Stanford Daily, 26 Feb 2015. Sairus Patel
Bob Garner, foreground, first came to work on campus at age 17 and stayed for about 47 years until his retirement on July 31, 2006. In this 1999 News Service photo he is shown with tree crew members (left to right) Sergio Larios, Ray Castillo and Neftali Galvan. L.A. Cicero

Brief Chronology of Stanford’s Early Landscaping


These comprise mostly unpublished material, including manuscripts and maps.

Ronald Bracewell Collection

John Thomas/Division of Systematic Botany Papers

Arboretum folder (see also Plant list folder)

Plant list folder

Albert Wilson Papers

University Archives

  • Abrams, Leroy. The University Grounds. Stanford Illustrated Review 20 (Feb., 1919):232–233.
  • Arboretum Record Group. SC 125.
  • Dudley, W. R. Olmsted’s Original Plans of Stanford University Grounds. The Stanford Alumnus 8 (Dec., 1906):129–135.
  • Douglas, Thomas H. 1889–1991. Daily Journals. SC 195, SUA.
  • Koskovich, Gerard. 1982. Frederick Law Olmsted and the original Landscape Plans for Stanford University. Unpublished seminar paper. SUA.
  • Mumford, Lewis. [1947]. Memorandum on Planning.
  • Mumford, Lewis. March 6, 1947. Memorandum on Planning II.
  • Palo Alto Stock Farm, Letterbooks, 1883–1885. SC6, SUA.
  • Price, Donald. 2001. The Stanford Arboretum. Electronic text file supplied by D. Price. Printed version with photocopies of cited maps: sGW 403.
  • Sketch of Ranch Shewing Farm Operations, 1878 to 1879. M-153, SUA.
  • The Stanford Lands. Feb., 1967. A four-page supplement to The Stanford Observer by News and Publications Service, with financial support from the University Relations Office. SC486 89-215 Box 1/3
  • SU. Arboretum Region Plan. April 1992. (1.3 MB)
  • Timby, Sara. 1988. The landscape of the Palo Alto area in the early Spanish Period: observations of the vegetation cover from original sources. Map reproductions with original SU Special Collections MISC 0034 Manuscript Collection.
  • Topographical Map of All Lands Situated in Santa Clara County Belonging to Leland Stanford Junior University. Surveyed at the request of F.L. Olmsted. J.G. Gould, 1886–1887. M203, SUA.
  • Turner, Paul et al. 1976. The Founders and the Architects. Stanford Dept of Art.
Other sources

Planning Maps


For additional online tree books try:
The Core Literature of Agriculture (Cornell U.)
The Online Book Page
ebrary texts are available to licensing institutions and individuals


Dictionaries/Manuals/North America

  • Bailey, L. H. 1976. Hortus third: a concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada; revised and expanded by the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  • Bailey, L. H. 1949. Manual of cultivated plants most commonly grown in the continental United States and Canada, by L. H. Bailey and the staff of the Bailey Hortorium at Cornell University. Rev. ed., completely restudied. New York, Macmillan Co.
  • Bailey, L. H. 1925. The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. New Ed. The MacMillan Co. 3 vols.
  • Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 p.
  • Britton, Nathaniel Lord et al. 1908.  North American trees; being descriptions and illustrations of the trees growing independently of cultivation in North America, north of Mexico and the West Indies. The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (CHLA)
  • Coombes, Allen. 2000. Trees. Corrected ed. London: A Dorling Kindersley Book. British focus.
  • Dirr, Michael. 1998. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture, Propagation, and Uses. 5th ed. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing.
  • Earle, Christopher. Gymnosperm database. Department of Botany, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Germany.
  • Elias, Thomas. 1980. The Complete trees of North America: field guide and natural history. New York: Book Division, Times Mirror Magazines.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 18+ vols. New York and Oxford.
  • The Nature Conservancy. Wildland Invasive Species Program.
  • The University of Georgia—Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences—Dept. of Entomology. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
  • Kraemer, John Hugo. 1951. Trees of the western Pacific region; descriptions of some of the common and readily accessible trees of
    southeast Asia bordering on the Pacific Ocean and South China Sea, and of the islands of the western Pacific; including local and native names, occurence, descriptions of the trees, and characteristics of their woods
  • Krüssmann, Gerd. 1984–1986. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees & shrubs. English ed. Beaverton, OR: Timber Press, in cooperation with the American Horticultural Society. 3 vols.
  • Krüssmann, Gerd. 1985. Manual of cultivated conifers. English ed. Portland, Or.: Timber Press.
  • Maiden, Joseph H. 1909–. A critical revision of the genus Eucalyptus. Sydney: W.A. Gullick, Government Printer. [PDF Available]
  • Maiden, Joseph H. 1904–1922. The Forest Flora of New South Wales. © University of Sydney Library 1999
  • The Nurseryman’s directory; a reference book of nurserymen, florists, seedsmen, tree dealers, etc., for the United States, 1883. Alphabetically arranged by States and post offices. 1883.
  • Ouden, P. den. 1978. Manual of cultivated conifers, hardy in the cold- and warm-temperate zone. The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
  • Rehder, Alfred. 1986. Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs hardy in North America: exclusive of the subtropical and warmer temperate regions. 2nd ed., rev. and enl. Portland, Ore.: Dioscorides Press.
  • Riffle, Robert and Paul Craft. 2003. An Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms. Portland, Ore.: Timber Press.
  • Russell, Paul. 1934. The Oriental Flowering Cherries. USDA Circular No. 313.
  • Thomas, Peter. 2000. Trees: Their Natural History. CUP.ebrary
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Fire Effects Information System.

Stanford, Palo Alto, Bay Area

  • Abrams, L.R. 1913. The Gymnosperms Growing on the Grounds of Stanford University. [PDF available]. Stanford Univ. Publ. Univ. Series.
  • Bracewell, Ronald. 2005. Trees of Stanford and Environs. Stanford: Stanford Historical Society.
  • Bracewell, Ronald. 1984. Trees on the Stanford Campus. Stanford. Photocopy.
  • Bracewell, Ronald. 1980. Trees on the Stanford Campus: an invitation to contribute data. Photocopy.
  • Canopy. “Canopy is an environmental nonprofit dedicated to planting and protecting trees in parks, at schools, and along streets of Palo Alto, East Palo Alto, and neighboring communities.”
  • Coombs, Ann. 2004. Trees of Los Altos: a pictorial guide to the wide variety of trees that make Los Altos, California, a uniquely beautiful city. Los Altos, Calif.: Select Books, c2004.
  • Corelli, Toni. 2005. Illustrated Field Guide to the Woody Plants of the Santa Cruz Mountains. Half Moon Bay: Monocot Press.
  • Evergreen Park Neighborhood Urban Forestry Project. 1981. Evergreen Park Neighborhood Tree Tour. [PDF available]. Palo Alto: Magic, Inc.
  • Kjerulff, Georgiana and Albert Wilson. 1976. Trees of Palo Alto. American Revolution Bicentennial ed. Palo Alto: City of Palo Alto.
  • McClintock, Elizabeth. 2001.The Trees of Golden Gate Park and San Francisco. Berkeley: Heyday Books/Clapperstick Institute.
  • Olson, Stuart. 1971. A Guide to the trees of Menlo College. Menlo Park, California: Menlo College.
  • Palo Alto Chamber of Commerce. 1959. Trees of Palo Alto. Palo Alto.
  • Ratner, Ingeborg. 1999. Nature Walks at Stanford. 2nd ed. Stanford [Available for purchase at the Stanford Book Store]
  • San Francisco Chamber of Commerce. n.d. Street Tree Planting in San Francisco.
  • Thomas, John H. 1961. Flora of the Santa Cruz Mountains of California, a manual of the vascular plants. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press.
  • Thomas, John H. 1961. “The History of Botanical Collecting in the Santa Cruz Mountains of Central California,” Contributions from the Dudley Herbarium 5: 147–168.
  • Timby, Sara. 1988. The landscape of the Palo Alto area in the early Spanish Period: observations of the vegetation cover from original sources. Map reproductions with original SU Special Collections MISC 0034 Manuscript Collection.
  • Wilson, Albert. 1938. Distinctive Trees, Shrubs, and Vines in the Gardens of the San Francisco Peninsula. [PDF available].

California and Pacific States

  • Abrams, Leroy. 1923–1960. Illustrated flora of the Pacific States: Washington, Oregon, and California. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press. 4 vols.
  • Eliot, Willard. 1938. Forest trees of the Pacific coast; including a brief account of the outstanding characters, distribution and habitat of the trees native to Alaska, British Columbia, Washington and Oregon; most of which are also found in Idaho and northern California and eastward to the western slopes of the Rocky Mountains. New York, G. P. Putnam.
  • Griffin, James R.; William B. Critchfield. 1976. The distribution of forest trees in California. [PDF available]. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station.
  • Hickman, James. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. Berkeley: University of California Press. The Jepson Manual Project.
  • Jacobson, A.E. 2006 . Trees of Seattle: The Complete Tree-Finder’s Guide to the City’s 740 Varieties. 2nd ed. Seattle: Sasquatch Books.
  • Jacobson, A.E. 1989. Trees of Seattle: The Complete Tree-Finder’s Guide to the City’s 740 Varieties. Seattle: Sasquatch Books.
  • Jepson, Willis Linn. 1909. A Flora of California. 4 vol. Berkeley Digital Library Project
  • Jepson, Willis Linn. 1924.  A flora of the economic plants of California, for agricultural students, including the important crop plants, agricultural weeds, poisonous plants, honey plants, medicinal plants, chaparral shrubs, native timber trees, and the most common native plants of the spring flowering. The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (CHLA)
  • Jepson, Willis Linn. 1925. A manual of the flowering plants of California, illustrated with 1023 original drawings. Berkeley, Calif.: Sather Gate bookshop.
  • Jepson, Willis Linn. 1910. The Silva of California. [PDF available]. Berkeley, University Press.
  • Jepson, Willis Linn. 1909. The trees of California, Illustrated with one hundred and twenty-five original figures. San Francisco: Cunningham, Curtis & Welch. The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (CHLA)
  • McMinn, Howard E. and Evelyn Maino. 1951. An illustrated manual of Pacific coast trees; with lists of trees recommended for various uses on the Pacific coast by H. W. Shepherd. 2d ed. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (CHLA)
  • Metcalf, Woodbridge. 1956. Interesting trees in California. [PDF available] University of California Agricultural Extension Service.
  • Muller, Katherine K. 1974. Trees of Santa Barbara. [Santa Barbara] Santa Barbara Botanic Garden.
  • Muller, Robert N. and Robert Haller. 2005.  Trees of Santa Barbara. 1st ed. of rev. and exp. version. Previous version authored by Katherine Muller, c1974.
  • Pavlik, Bruce. 1991. Oaks of California. Cachuma Press.
  • Ritter, Matt. 2006. Plants of San Luis Obispo: their lives and stories.
  • Sonnishsen, Deke, Ed. 2003. Historic Trees of California: A Keepsake in Thirteen Parts. San Francisco: The Book Club of California.
  • Stuart, John and J. Sawyer. 2001. Trees and Shrubs of California. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Sudworth, George. 1908. repr. 1967. Forest trees of the Pacific slope. With a new foreword by Woodbridge Metcalf and a new table of changes in nomenclature by E. S. Harrar. New York: Dover Publications. [Unabridged reprint of Forest trees of the Pacific slope originally published by the Forest Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1908.]
  • Sunset Publishing Corp. 2001. Sunset western garden book. Menlo Park, Calif.
  • Van Rensselaer, Maunsell. 1948. Trees of Santa Barbara. Rev. and enl. ed. [Santa Barbara] Santa Barbara Botanic Garden.
  • Van Rensselaer, Maunsell. 1940. Trees of Santa Barbara. [Santa Barbara] Santa Barbara Botanic Garden.

Other US Regional/City



For current news on family standings: Angiosperm Phylogeny Group at
For current news on California taxa on the species level: Index to California Plant Names

Notes on selected genera and species