Quercus suber. CORK OAK. Mediterranean
FAGACEAE (Oak or beech family)

Cork oak leaves are gray underneath and toothed, and the acorns are not particularly bitter. The bark is very interesting. In Spain and Portugal, where the tree is grown as a crop covering millions of acres, the bark is stripped off at intervals of several years and sold in quantities of hundreds of thousands of tons annually for the manufacture of corks, linoleum, and insulation. A tree bears for 200 years.

During World War II, my friend Woodbridge Metcalf investigated cork production and stripped the bark from cork oaks in various California locations. One of those stripped was at Stanford and it was very interesting indeed to visit the tree, west of Encina Hall, and to view the regeneration that had taken place. The line of demarcation between original and new bark was quite apparent, rather above eye level. By 1979, the regeneration had more than replaced what was once removed, but by the 1990s this heirloom had been removed (but an unstripped contemporary remains).

Old evergreen cork oaks grow here and there on campus, for example on the bank of Frost Amphitheater. Cork oaks have been extensively planted in recent decades. Young ones can be seen in the courtyards of Wilbur Hall and nearby on Escondido Road. Numerous young street trees have been planted on both sides of Quarry Road between El Camino Real and Vineyard Lane. Three mature specimens are on the northwest side of the Stanford Shopping Center on London Plane Way at Sand Hill Road. A lone specimen in the center of Lasuen Mall at the Graduate School of Business has a plaque honoring former dean Arjay Miller at its base erroneously identifying it as a Q. agrifolia. Compare it to coast live oaks nearby, or visit 3785 El Centro Street, Palo Alto: the dense, shapely cork oak is left of the Q. agrifolia.

Illustration: McMinn, Howard E. and Evelyn Maino. 1951. An illustrated manual of Pacific coast trees; with lists of trees recommended for various uses on the Pacific coast by H. W. Shepherd. 2d ed. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.

Other campus oaks: Quercus -- Oak Notes | Quercus agrifolia | Quercus cerris | Quercus chrysolepis | Quercus coccifera calliprinos | Quercus coccinea | Quercus diversifolia | Quercus douglasii | Quercus engelmannii | Quercus greggii | Quercus ilex | Quercus kelloggii | Quercus lobata | Quercus macrocarpa | Quercus marilandica | Quercus mexicana | Quercus palustris | Quercus parvula shreveii | Quercus robur | Quercus rubra | Quercus suber | Quercus virginiana | Quercus wislizeni

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Related material:Canopy Trees for Palo Alto Tree Library

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