Quercus coccinea. SCARLET OAK. Eastern United States
FAGACEAE (Oak or beech family)
A deciduous tree with deeply seven-lobed leaves 3 to 6 inches long, each coccinea lobe having several sharp points where the veins continue out into space in the form of bristles. The acorn is ½ to ¾ inch long and a good half is contained by the cup. The attractive leaf shape combined with the clear green light that filters through the tree in summer makes this a very pleasing tree. In addition it provides a spectacle in fall. Q. coccinea resembles Q. palustris in youth but outgrows the pyramidal shape of pin oak, becoming more rounded. Leaves are similar, but larger; scarlet oak lacks the numerous short “pin” side shoots of its relative. Q. coccinea also resembles Q. rubra but the red oak has larger leaves with more lobes. Acorns and technical manuals help with identification. See scarlet oaks on the east side of Murray House along Governor’s Avenue. In Palo Alto, the scarlet oak at the edge of the park next to the College Terrace Library on Wellesley Street was full of mistletoe in 2004; another Q. coccinea is at 1610 Portola Avenue.
Other campus oaks: Quercus -- Oak Notes | Quercus agrifolia | Quercus cerris | Quercus chrysolepis | Quercus coccifera calliprinos | Quercus coccinea | Quercus diversifolia | Quercus douglasii | Quercus engelmannii | Quercus greggii | Quercus ilex | Quercus kelloggii | Quercus lobata | Quercus macrocarpa | Quercus marilandica | Quercus mexicana | Quercus palustris | Quercus parvula shreveii | Quercus robur | Quercus rubra | Quercus suber | Quercus virginiana | Quercus wislizeni
Illustrations (links open new windows): oak galleryAdditions/Revisions:
Herb Fong said it's difficult to tell pin from scarlet oaks. The 2 staked trees on the west side of Branner are the newly planted Q coccinea. I don't remember exactly if they keep their leaves in winter, but I think they do. Two trees died at Branner as a result of the construction project there, and Grounds was asked to replace them in March. We had to take out the dead trees, and we joked that it would be hard to tell which ones were dead, since they all retain brown leaves. I just talked to one of our supervisors, Bob Murphy, who tells me the following: Q coccinea definitely retains its dead leaves in winter. It has upward reaching branches and a fuller top, so it looks more square overall. Q. palustris here sometimes retains its dead leaves. Often the lower leaves are retained but the upper ones are blown off by the wind. The shape of Q palustris is thinner (more pin-like), with downward reaching branches, overall more pyramidal. Q. palustris is very susceptible to manganese deficiency, and the pair at the south end of Lomita Mall sometimes show this. --Ingrid Graeve
Doug Goldman, Harvard University Herbaria, wrote 6/22/09:
I suspect that you may have other hybrids there [on campus] too, from what you said. I've seen cultivated trees of things that may be Q. coccinea x rubra, and behind the herbarium here at Harvard there is a tree that is probably Q. coccinea x Q. palustris. Quercus palustris x Q. rubra often occur where both species grow together, and it is possible that you have some Q. shumardii there misidentified as Q. rubra or Q. coccinea. They can be challenging to deal with. Oaks generally are not self-pollinating, so acorns from a tree may turn out to be hybrids even if they were collected from a pure stand of one parent. The trees you speak of at Stanford could have come from seed from areas of hybridization, or even come from misidentifed material from botanical gardens. I see this sort of thing a lot.
Name derivation, genus | speciesRelated material: Canopy Trees for Palo Alto Tree Library