Pinus sylvestris. SCOTS PINE, SCOTCH PINE*. Europe, Asia
PINACEAE (Pine family)
A principal timber tree of Europe, Scots pine hastwo thin twisted blue-green needles up to 3 inches long and cones that are only about 2 inches long and have tiny prickles. The scaly bark is dark red with some brighter colors higher up. The inner bark is edible and was depended upon at times in Europe. In the English language this tree was originally known as a fir but, as we know, the botanical restriction of the name fir to the genus Abies is now commonly observed (see Abies pinsapo). Old customs cannot be changed easily, however; to the Romans 'pinus' meant fir or pine. It may be a long time before Douglas fir is dropped as the name for Pseudotsuga menziesii (except of course in those places where it is known as Oregon pine). Even today, in German, this pine is still called Föhre, while other pines are called Kiefer.
Last seen in Frost Amphitheater in 1956, since when no other Scots pine has been noticed on central campus, though two young trees are growing at Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve. There are some on the Berkeley campus at Mulford Hall and an old double-trunked giant, visible from Alma Street and East Meadow Drive, and equipped with floodlights, grows at 46 Roosevelt Circle, Palo Alto. Another is at the Palo Alto Main Library on Newell Road on the side facing the Art Center.
* Scotch pine (Source: Sunset's Western Garden Guide, 7th ed. (2001), but this adjective is best avoided, may cause offence in Scotland) http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?28552 , http://www.conifers.org/pi/pin/sylvestris.htm
Other campus pines: Pinus brutia ssp. eldarica | Pinus bungeana | Pinus canariensis | Pinus contorta | Pinus coulteri | Pinus densiflora | Pinus edulis | Pinus halepensis | Pinus jeffreyi | Pinus maximartinezii | Pinus mugo | Pinus muricata | Pinus nigra | Pinus patula | Pinus pinea | Pinus ponderosa | Pinus radiata | Pinus roxburghii | Pinus sabiniana | Pinus sylvestris | Pinus thunbergiana | Pinus torreyana | Pinus wallichiana
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Name derivation, genus | species The Latin name | of woodsRelated material: Gymnosperm Database