Cydonia oblonga. QUINCE, FRUITING. West Asia

ROSACEAE (Rose family)

Quinces, which are not much good to eat raw, but can be cooked up like apple pie, grow on small deciduous trees with large, attractive flowers. The quinces themselves resemble downy, fragrant, yellow pears.

The trees have not been planted on campus in recent years; two bushy clumps are on the north side of the Cantor Center (as shown on the Cantor Center Tree Map) and a robust, attractive large-leaved variety is opposite 613 Salvatierra Street.

Illustrations (links open new windows): gallery | branchlet, leaves arranged to show both sides

Additions/Revisions: There are also a few bushes just west of The Knoll.

Name derivation, genus | species Quince fruit was known to the Romans as Mala Cydonia, apples from Cydon, now Canea in Crete. The fruit was and is used for preserves and sometimes baked. Cydonia is a genus of the single species, though there are a number of varieties. In the middle ages a sweet quince confection was called mermelada or marmelada (the Portuguese for quince being marmelo). In the 18th century, citrus spp. became identified with the making of marmalade. See also the entry Chaenomeles. Ref: Bailey, Standard Cycl. of Hort. (1925); Campbell-Culver, The Origins of Plants (2001).

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