Ziziphus jujuba. JUJUBE. Africa, Asia, Australia
RHAMNACEAE (Buckthorn family)

The Greeks and Romans knew this small deciduous tree as the zizyphon or zizyphum, and the Arabs as zizouf; the English is just a corruption of the same word. It was always valued in the Mediterranean for its “dates,” which can be stored and have a pleasing acid flavor. Meanwhile, unknown to the classical world, the very same plant was receiving attention in China, where it was developed into a principal source of edible fruit. The Chinese varieties are those now available in commerce.

There are several battered and untended jujubes south of The Knoll off Lomita Court near the west modular building, and a nice one just inside the northeast gate of Frost Amphitheater. The leaves are an inch or so long, alternate, with three prominent veins, and with small flowers in threes in the leaf axils. It is not known what variety these plants are, but they fruit freely, producing numerous seedlings (such as at Stanford Avenue opposite Peter Coutts Road) that are available for transplanting to more accessible locations. Homer’s lotus eaters are thought by some scholars to have been consuming jujubes, possibly fermented. There is apparently no connection with Sisyphos, son of Odysseus (some said), who did time in Hades pushing a stone up a hill, from whose top it invariably rolled back to the bottom.

Illustrations (links open new windows):


Name derivation, genus | species Ziz'iphus: one source says from the Persian name zizfum or zizafun, the reason for its application unknown, and another source says from zizouf, the Arabian name for Zizyphus lotus, a shrubby deciduous tree of the Mediterranean. Plinius apparently used the Latin name Zizyphus for the jujube-tree [from California Plant Names]

Related material:

Botanical name index | Common name index | Family
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