Schinus terebinthifolius. BRAZILIAN PEPPER. South America
This very handsome evergreen tree, quite different from
the better known Peruvian pepper tree, has compound leaves that have 7 to 11 shiny
green leaflets that are paler below and show a pleasing pattern of veins when
held up to the light. They are an inch or so long and have occasional small teeth.
The midrib, but not the leafstalk, has noticeable wings. When crushed, the leaves
have an interesting smell. The clusters of small fruits consist of red papery
globes loosely enclosing a single seed. For mention of Brazilian pepper in the
Everglades, see Paperbark Notes, page 171. Several once-fine specimens on the
south side of Bowdoin Street between Campus Drive East and Pine Hill Road, having
been cut back or frozen back, have resprouted with many trunks. A multitrunk specimen
is between 4055 and 4073 Ben Lomond Drive, Palo Alto, next to the fence.
ANACARDIACEAE (Sumac or cashew family)
Illustration: McMinn, Howard E. and Evelyn Maino. 1951. An illustrated manual of Pacific coast trees; with lists of trees recommended for various uses on the Pacific coast by H. W. Shepherd. 2d ed. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.
Illustrations (links open new windows): habit |Additions/Revisions:
Name derivation, genus | species Greek name for mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus), which it resembles | having leaves like Pistacia terebinthusRelated material: Canopy Trees for Palo Alto Tree Library