The seeds were a major source of food to the inhabitants of areas not far from campus but the acorn and buckeye were the source of flour at the various sites actually on Stanford land. Although digger pine is very attractive, it has received little attention in campus planting. A sizable specimen 70 yards east of the corner of Museum Way and Lomita Drive is a survivor of several mentioned by George B. Culver in Stanford Illustrated Review, April 1927. [This tree was removed summer 2007; the sawn base is visible.] A significant group will be found by going to the end of Lathrop Place and taking the path alongside 950 into the greenbelt, where a trail runs along Junipero Serra Boulevard between Stanford Avenue and Frenchman’s Road. One is south of Crothers Memorial Hall.
* Digger. "Root-Diggers. . . . This name seems to embrace Indian tribes inhabiting a large extent
of country west of the Rocky Mountains. . . . With these tribes, roots are, for the great portion
of the year, their main subsistence" (Schoolcraft, 1860, Archives of
aboriginal knowledge, 6 vols.] 4:221). Indians of the area also valued as food the green cones
and the seeds of the Pinus sabiniana, whence the common designation "Digger pine" (however,
the term "Digger" as an ethnic label is now considered offensive). [According to The Jepson Manual (TJM), p. 120,
"gray or foothill pine . . . the common name digger pine is pejorative in origin, so best avoided."
This is also called ghostpine, bull pine, and grayleaf pine. For the controversy about the name
"digger pine" see L. Hinton, 1992, News Native Calif. 6(1):14-15. Stephen W. Edwards, 1997,
Four Seasons 10(3):49-5 1, prefers "ghost pine" because the species can be found up to about
2135 m (TJM gives only 1500 m el.), hence not "foothill," and because in some places it is
green, not "gray."] . . .
Gudde, Erwin G. (Gustav). California place names: The origin and etymology of current geographical names. 4th ed. Rev. by William Bright. 1998.
Illus.: George B. Sudworth. Forest Trees of the Pacific Slope. USDA, 1907. Click for larger image.
Other campus pines: Pinus brutia ssp. eldarica | Pinus bungeana | Pinus canariensis | Pinus contorta | Pinus coulteri | Pinus densiflora | Pinus edulis | Pinus halepensis | Pinus jeffreyi | Pinus maximartinezii | Pinus mugo | Pinus muricata | Pinus nigra | Pinus patula | Pinus pinea | Pinus ponderosa | Pinus radiata | Pinus roxburghii | Pinus sabiniana | Pinus sylvestris | Pinus thunbergiana | Pinus torreyana | Pinus wallichiana
Name derivation, genus | species The Latin name | Jpseph sabine (1770-1837), English horticulturalist, founder of Transactions of the Royal Horticultural Society