Crataegus monogyna. HAWTHORN, HEDGEROW THORN. Southeastern Europe, Caucasus
ROSACEAE (Rose family)

The leaves are
not toothed, but have rounded lobes and the red ¼ -inch fruits contain one stone. Hawthorn flowers have a faint odor that is repulsive to bees, but attracts flies (who take care of the pollination). A wild plant that can be used for a hedge spiny enough to contain cattle is a valuable resource that conserves the labor and materials needed for fencing and has been in use at least as far back as Roman times. A tree named krataigos is in the Greek lexicon, but what tree it denoted is uncertain. The Mayflower of 1620 was named for the hawthorn flower. See two examples at the intersection of the Sonoma Terrace and Stanford Avenue bike paths. It is established as a weed at Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve.

Illustrations (links open new windows): habit | branchlet


Name derivation, genus | species: The Gk name from kratos (strength) referring to the hard wood | one pistil

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