Celtis occidentalis. COMMON HACKBERRY. Eastern United States, Quebec
ULMACEAE (Elm family)

A deciduous tree with dark, corrugated bark and asymmetrical leaves up to 5 inches, shiny on top and paler below, disposed in two rows and having well-spaced fine saw-teeth. The orange/purple pea-sized fruits have a single seed and not much flesh. Still, Peking man in paleolithic times was already using hackberries as food. A related species, desert hackberry, was eaten by the Papago Indians raw, dried, or ground up. Several specimens can be seen at 835 Pine Hill Road and on toward the Alvarado Row end.

Illus.: George B. Sudworth. Forest Trees of the Pacific Slope. USDA, 1907. Click for larger image.

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