Celtis occidentalis
common hackberry

Ulmaceae (elm family)
Eastern United States, Quebec
Celtis occidentalis. From Forest Trees of the Pacific Slope, George B. Sudworth, USDA, 1907

A deciduous tree with dark, corrugated bark and asymmetrical leaves up to 5 inches long, shiny on top and paler below, disposed in two rows and having well-spaced fine saw-teeth. The orange-purple pea-sized fruits have a single seed and not much flesh. Still, Peking man in paleolithic times was already using hackberries as food. A related species, desert hackberry, was eaten by the Papago Indians raw, dried, or ground up. Several specimens can be seen at 835 Pine Hill Road and on toward the Alvarado Row end.

About this Entry: The main text of this entry is from the book Trees of Stanford and Environs, by Ronald Bracewell, published 2005.